Bibliography of Sources Consulted

In editing discographic records for Victor masters, primary sources from the Sony Music Entertainment archives were consulted whenever possible. Columbia, OKeh, and Berliner data is derived from published discographies, but information was verified when possible. The following secondary sources are cited in the Data Source and Composer Statement Source fields. The works are cited by the phrases below which precede each citation. Titles are linked to entries in

AFI catalog
AFI catalog: American Film Institute Catalog. Ann Arbor, MI: Chadwyck-Healey, 2002. Internet resource.

Allen, Walter C, Brian A. L. Rust, and Laurie Wright. Walter C. Allen [and] Brian A.l. Rust's "King" Oliver. Chigwell: Storyville Publ, 1987. Print.

ASCAP database
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. ACE on the Web. [New York: ASCAP], 1993.

Badrock, Arthur, and Frank Andrews. The complete Regal catalog 1914-1932. Wells Next the Sea : City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society, 2009.

Baker & Kiner
Baker, Darrell, and Larry F. Kiner. The Sir Harry Lauder Discography. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1990.

Barr, Steven C. The almost complete 78 rpm record dating guide (II). Huntington Beach, CA: Yesterday Once Again, 1992. Source of estimated recording dates for CBS era Columbia issues based on matrix number blocks.

BMI (Firm). BMI Repertoire. New York: BMI, Inc, 1990s.

Bolig Black Label
Bolig, John Richard. The Victor Black Label Discography: 16000-17000 Series. Highlands Ranch, CO: Mainspring Press, 2007.

The Victor Black Label Discography: 18000-19000 Series. Highlands Ranch, CO: Mainspring Press, 2008.

The Victor Black Label Discography: 20000-21000 Series. Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2010.

The Victor Black Label Discography: 22000, 23000, 24000, V-38000, V-38500, and V-40000 Series. Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2013.

Bolig Bluebird
Bolig, John Richard. The Bluebird Discography. Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2015.

Bolig Caruso
Bolig, John Richard. Caruso Records: A History and Discography. Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2002.

Bolig Gems
Bolig, John Richard. Gems: The Victor Light Opera Company Discography (1909-1930). Denver, CO: Mainspring Press, 2005.

Bolig Green/Purple/Blue
Bolig, John Richard. The Victor Discography: Green, Blue, and Purple Labels (1910-1926). Denver: Mainspring Press, 2006.

Bolig Red Seal vol. 1
Bolig, John Richard. The Victor Red Seal Discography. [v. 1. Single-sided series (1903-1925)] Denver: Mainspring Press, 2004.

Bolig Red Seal vol. 2
Bolig, John Richard. The Victor Red Seal Discography. v. 2. Double-sided series to 1930v. 1. Single-sided series (1903-1925) Denver: Mainspring Press, 2004.

Bolig Special labels
Bolig, John Richard. The Victor Discography: Special Labels, 1928-1941. Denver: Mainspring Press, 2014.

Bradley, Edwin M. The First Hollywood Film Shorts, 1926-1931. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2005.

Bruyninckx, Walter. 70 Years of Recorded Jazz. Mechelen, Belgium: W. Bruyninckx, 1987.

Dean-Myatt, Bill, and Mike Langridge. Columbia, Regal & Phoenix 10ʺ masters issued in the UK. London: The City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society Ltd, 2020.

(Data originally provided by Bill Dean-Myatt and later published by the City of London Phonograph and Gramophone Society.)

Brooks, Tim, and Brian Rust. The Columbia Master Book Discography, Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. Used for recording locations and to estimate dates for masters not documented in the published CMB based on matrix blocks.

Cravo Albin
Dicionário Cravo Albin da Musica Popular Brasileira. [Website]

Copeland, Peter. “Continental Columbia 78-rpm recordings – a dating guide.” The Historic record [Issues unknown]. Source of recording dates and locations for Columbia issues sourced from the European branches of U.K. Columbia.

Díaz, Ayala C, and Ayala C. Díaz. Encyclopedic Discography of Cuban Music: Cuba Canta Y Baila. Miami, Fl.: Florida International University, 2002. Internet resource.

Diaz Puerto Rico
Díaz, Ayala C. San Juan - New York: Discografía De La Música Puertorriqueña, 1900-1942. Río Piedra: Publ. Gaviota, 2009. Print.

Dixon, Robert M. W., John Godrich, Howard Rye, and Robert M. W. Dixon. Blues & Gospel Records, 1890-1943. Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press, 1997.

Dunning, John. On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.

Fuld, James J. The Book of World-Famous Music, Classical, Popular and Folk. New York: Crown, 1971.

David F. García. Arsenio Rodriguez and the Transnational Flows of Latin Popular Music. Studies in Latin American and Caribbean music. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2006.

Gibbs, Craig M. Black Recording Artists, 1877-1926: An Annotated Discography. Jefferson, North Carolina : McFarland & Company, 2013.

Ginell, Cary, and Kevin Coffey. Discography of Western Swing and Hot String Bands, 1928-1942. Discographies, no. 90. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 2001.

Unpublished data compiled by Michael Gray, including the Columbia recording logs held by the archives of the former EMI France.

Gramophone Company, and Alan Kelly. HMV Matrix Series Working Files. [England?]: [s.n.], 2004.

Heskes, Irene, and Lawrence Marwick. Yiddish American Popular Songs, 1895 to 1950: A Catalog Based on the Lawrence Marwick Roster of Copyright Entries. Washington: Library of Congress, 1992.

Imslp, Petrucci Music Library. , 2006. Internet resource

Laird vocalists
Laird, Ross. Moanin' Low: A Discography of Female Popular Vocal Recordings, 1920-1933. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996. Internet resource.

Lange, Webb, et al.
Lange, Horst H., Ray Webb, Ron Jewson, and Derek Hamilton-Smith. 1978. Horst H. Lange's 'The Fabulous Fives'. Chigwell (66 Fairview Drive, Chigwell, Essex 1G7 6HS): Storyville Publications and Co. 1978

A number of the discographies by S Nicolás Lefcovich have been consulted by the DAHR editors. These include:

Estudio de la Discografia del Maestro Charlo. Buenos Aires: Asociacion Gardeliana Argentina, 1992.
Estudio de la Discografia de Juan D'Arienzo. [Argentina]: [publisher not identified], 1986.
Estudio de la Discografía de Francisco Lomuto. Asociacion Gardeliana Argentina, 1995.
Estudio de la Discografia de Agustin Magaldi, con detalle de sus duos con Rosita Quiroga [y] Pedro Noda. Asociacion Gardeliana Argentina, 1995.
Estudio de la Discografia de La Orquestra Tipica Victor. Asociacion Gardeliana Argentina, 1994.

Meade, Guthrie T., Richard K. Spottswood, and Douglas S. Meade. Country Music Sources: A Biblio-Discography of Commercially Recorded Traditional Music. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Southern Folklife Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries in Association with the John Edwards Memorial Forum, 2002.

Mendoza, Lydia, Chris Strachwitz, and James Nicolopulos. Lydia Mendoza: A Family Autobiography. Houston, Tex: Arte Público Press, 1993.

Muldavin, Muldavin, Peter. The Complete Guide to Vintage Children's Records: Identification & Value Guide. Paducah, Ky: Collector's Books, 2007. Print.

Nepomuceno, Rosa. Musica Caipira: Da Roça Ao Rodeio. São Paulo: Ed. 34, 2005. Print.

Norton, Richard C. A Chronology of American Musical Theater. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Palmer, Jack, and Robert Olson. Vernon Dalhart: First Star of Country Music. Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2005.

Peel, Tom. Italian Columbia (1921 - 1940). (Unpublished) Source of recording dates and locations for Columbia issues sourced from the Italian branch of U.K. Columbia.

Porterfield, Nolan. Jimmie Rodgers: The Life and Times of America's Blue Yodeler. Music in American life. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979.

Rayno, Don. Paul Whiteman: Pioneer in American Music. Studies in jazz, no. 43. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press, 2003.

Rehrig, William H., Paul E. Bierley, and Jennifer Blair. The Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music. [CD-ROM] Oskaloosa, Iowa: Distributed by Walking Frog Records, 2005.

Association for Recorded Sound Collections. [Rigler-Deutsch Index.] New York: Association for Recorded Sound Collections, 1985.


Rockwell, Malcolm. Hawaiian & Hawaiian Guitar Records 1891 – 1960. [CD-ROM] Kula, Hawaii: Malcolm Rockwell, 2007. [Ordering information at]

Roig, Gérard, et al. Phonoscopies [ISSN 1277-233X]. Gérard Roi: Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, France. Data drawn from artist discographies published in Phonoscopies, published and edited by Roig.

Russell, Tony, and Bob Pinson. Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Rust dance bands
Rust, Brian A. L. The American Dance Band Discography 1917-1942. New Rochelle, N.Y.: Arlington House, 1975.

Rust jazz
Rust, Brian, and Malcolm Shaw. Jazz and Ragtime Records, 1897-1942. Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2002.


Rust, Brian A. L., Allen G. Debus, and Brian A. L. Rust. The Complete Entertainment Discography, from 1897 to 1942. The Roots of jazz. New York: Da Capo Press, 1989.

Rust, Brian, and Sandy Forbes. British Dance Bands on Record 1911 to 1945 and Supplement. Harrow, Middlesex: General Gramophone Publications, 1989.

Rust Victor master book
Rust, Brian A. L. The Victor Master Book, Volume 2 (1925-1936). Stanhope, N.J.: W.C. Allen, 1970.

Santos et al.
Santos, Alcino. Discografia Brasileira 78 rpm: 1902-1964. Rio de Janeiro: Edição Funarte, 1982.

Shaw, Eddie. Date about all those English seventy-eights. London: E. & E. Shaw, 1995. Used to estimate dates for certain foreign Columbia issues.

Sherman, Michael W., William R. Moran, Kurt R. Nauck, and Michael W. Sherman. The Collector's Guide to Victor Records. Dallas, Tex: Monarch Record Enterprises, 1992.

Smart, James Robert. The Sousa Band, A Discography. Washington: Library of Congress [For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.], 1970.

Spottswood, Richard K. Ethnic Music on Records: A Discography of Ethnic Recordings Produced in the United States, 1893 to 1942. Music in American life. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

Suk, JiHoon. Correspondence with Suk on Victor and Columbia recordings made in China, Japan, and Korea, including recording dates and locations documented in foreign catalogs.

Sutton Montgomery Ward
Sutton, Allan. Sutton, Allan. Montgomery Ward Records: A Discography. Denver: Mainspring Press, 2008. Computer file.

Sutton, Allan, and Kurt R. Nauck. American Record Labels and Companies: An Encyclopedia (1891-1943). Denver, Colo: Mainspring Press, 2000.

Sutton Pseudonyms
Sutton, Allan. Pseudonyms on American Records, 1892-1942: A Guide to False Names and Label Errors. Denver: Mainspring Press, 2005.

Taylor, Ronald. Columbia Twelve-Inch Records in the United Kingdom 1906-1930. East Barnet: Symposium Records, 1994.

Tinsley, Jim Bob. He Was Singin' This Song: A Collection of Forty-Eight Traditional Songs of the American Cowboy, with Words, Music, Pictures and Stories. Orlando [Fla.]: University Presses of Florida, 1981.

Bill, Edward L. Talking Machine World. 1905. Internet resource. Full text accessible at Media History Project.

Vermazen, Bruce. That Moaning Saxophone: The Six Brown Brothers and the Dawning of a Musical Craze. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Virtual Gramophone
Library and Archives Canada. The Virtual Gramophone Canadian Historical Sound Recordings = Le Gramophone Virtuel : Enregistrements Historiques Canadiens. [Ottawa, Ont.]: National Library of Canada and National Archives of Canada, 1998.

Willems, Jos. All of Me: The Complete Discography of Louis Armstrong. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press, 2006.

Worth & Cartwright
Worth, Paul W., John McCormack, and Jim Cartwright. John McCormack: A Comprehensive Discography. Discographies, no. 21. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

Wright Morton
Wright, Laurie, and John Cowley. Mr. Jelly Lord. Chigwell: Storyville, 1980. Print.

Wright OKeh
Wright, Laurie. Okeh Race Records: The 8000 "race" Series. Chigwell, England: L. Wright, 2001. Print.